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Trancarpathia is situated on the edge between the Carpathian Mountains and the Serednyodunayska lowland, in the very heart of Europe. It is interesting to know that the biggest width (in a straight line) from the north to the south is up to 135 km, while the biggest length (in a straight line) from the east to the west is about 205 km. The total area of the region is 12 800 km². Most of the territory is occupied by mountains, the highest point of Transcarpathia is the top of Mount Hoverla in the mountain mass Chornohora which is 2061 m high. The lowest point (101 m above sea-level) is situated in the opposite end of the region near village Russki Heyevtsi in Uzhgorod district.


All the rivers, streams and currents of Transcarpathia belong to river basin of Tysa. The biggest lake in Transcarpathia is Synevyr which was formed 10 thousand years ago at a height 989 m and occupies area of 7 hectares. Its biggest depth is 27 m, and water temperature is from +12ºC to +18ºC. The rainbow, brook and lake trout lives here. The most favourite tourist places are mountain waterfalls: Voyevodynskyy (the biggest one), Trofanets (the highest one) and Shipot.


The name «Carpathians» comes from the Thracian language and means «rock». The age of Carpathian mountains makes 1,2 billion years and they grow 1-2 cm a year and move very slowly eastwards. The highest mountains in our region are: Hoverla (2061 m), Brebenescul (2035 m), Pip-Ivan (2022 m), Petros (2020 m), Hutyn-Tomnatyk (2017 m), Rebra (2007 m).


The climate of Transcarpathia is determined by its location in the very heart of Europe. The high mountains protect the region from cold northern winds, and the damp temperate-continental climate provides warm summers and mild winters. In fact, those who come to our region from the north find the warm south, whereas people from the south find the cool north here. Tourists from eastern countries look for the west, while western tourists look for eastern characteristic features.

Of no less importance is also total length of the borders Transcarpathia which makes 460 km. In the northwest it borders upon Poland, in the west — upon Slovakia, in the south — upon Hungary and in the southeast — upon Romania.


Flora and fauna of Transcarpathia belongs to a number of the richest and best preserved in all the Europe. Forests which are the main wealth of Transcarpathia now occupy more than 45% of its territory. Transcarpathian lowland belongs to forest-steppe zone. Plain forests are mostly oak-hornbeam but you can also see here alder and birch. Foothills are covered mostly with oak or beech forests. European beech is dominating starting from 700-800 m above the sea-level. At a height 100-1200 m to the beech are also added fir and abies, and then higher mixed coniferous-beech forests give way to coniferous ones. Higher than 1500-1600 m subalpine and alpine meadows known as polonyna are characteristic for Transcarpathia.


74 kinds of mammalians (out of 102 living in Ukraine) live in Ukrainian Carpathians. 69 of them constantly live in Transcarpathian region. Artiodactyles are represented with 5 kinds: here one can meet European red deer, wild boar, European roe, moufflon and fallow deer. Besides, this territory is also visited by bison for a long time.


Predatory animals are represented by lynx, wood wild cat, brown bear, fox, wolf, least weasel, polecat, badger, otter, ermine, 2 kinds of minks and martens, and also acclimatized far-east racoon dog. Otter, badger, ermine, lynx and wood cat are in Red Book of Ukraine. Brown bear (237 individuals status on 2000) on the territory of Ukraine now live only in the Carpathians.


281 kinds of birds of Transcarpathia make more than 80% of the whole avifauna of Ukraine. As settled are considered such birds as wood grouse, black grouse, hazel-hen, grey partridge, pheasant, owls, tawny owl, eagle-owl, little owl, golden eagle, large and small hawks, jay, woodpeckers, nutcracker, blue titmouse, sparrow, siskin, chaffinch, lark, crossbill. Other kinds of birds (European oriole, thrush, swallow, shrike, ducks) are also widespread.


But of particular protection are unique populations of predatory and owl-like birds because almost all protected Ukrainian birds of these sections (golden eagle, serpent eagle, feather-legged little owl, eagle-hop-o’-my-thumb, eagle-owl, gnome owl, osprey, falcon-peregrin) can be met in the region and also wood grouses, grouses and hazel-hens which populate in dark-coniferous forests of the Carpathians.